The space below is provided to keep a record of such amendments. Date Entered by No. The Air Navigation Commission, after considering the recommendations of that Division, together with other information from the Jet Operations Requirements Panel, the Third Air Navigation Conference and Regional Air Navigation Meetings, agreed to the publication of an aerodrome manual which was progressively revised and added to from time to time. This part of the Aerodrome Design Manual fulfils the requirement for guidance material on the geometric design of runways and associated aerodrome elements, namely, runway shoulders, runway strips, runway end safety areas, clearways and stopways. Much of the material included herein reproduces and is closely associated with the specifications contained in Annex 14, Aerodromes, Volume I Aerodrome Design and Operations. The main purpose of this document is to facilitate the uniform application of the Annex 14, Volume I specifications.
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PART 1. Approved by the Secreta,y General andpublished under his authority. Airport Planning Manual. Part 1. Master Planning. Second Edition - Entered b y. Issued i n Spanish o n l y. The Council of ICAO on 10 March EX-8 approved a proposal of the Secretary General that guidance material b e p r e p a r e d to assist States i n p l a n n i n g the expansion of existing international airports and the construction o f n e w ones.
This project was conceived in the realization of the major impact that expansion of air transport was having and would c o n t i n u e t o h a v e on facilities throughout t h e world, it being recognized that, in addition to t h e m a j o r problems of great expansion in absolute volume o f passengers, cargo a n d air traffic, the introduction of very large-capacity aircraft was likely to cause special problems at an increasing number of airports.
Existing programmes of I C A O d i d not provide airport authorities with guidance for the development of airport master plans in all their aspects, nor had it been intended that they should.
The first manual entitled M a n u a l on Airport M a s t e r Planning was written b y three professional airport planners recruited exclusively for this purpose. Additionally, a substantial amount of work was done on it by the regular Secretariat.
The i n t e n t o f t h i s revision w a s to incorporate experience gained f r o m u s e o f the original Manual, experience from the introduction into service of large-capacity aircraft and new planning technology. This second edition incorporates changes and additions resulting from an over-all review m a d e b y t h e Secretariat. It i s important to note that the material contained in this manual does not necessarily reflect the views of ICAO nor those who have assisted in its development.
It deals in m a n y a r e a s i n which there i s a s y e t no certainty or precision a n d it is planned to u p d a t e the material in the future.
Any suggestions which m a y a s s i s t in improving and updating this material would, therefore, be greatly appreciated. Chapter 1. Chapter 2. Preplanning Considerations.
Chapter 3. Forecasting for Planning Pnrposes. Chapter 4. Financial Arrangements and Controls. Chapter 5. Airport Site Evalnation a n d Selection. About this Chapter. Area Required. Evaluation of Factors Affecting. Airport Location. Environmental S t u d y. Report and Recommendations. Rnnways and Taxiways. Airport Planning M a n u a l. Chapter 7. Holding B a y s. Chapter 8. Visual Aids. Chapter 9. Passenger Building.
Cargo Facilities. Vehicle Parking. A i r p o r t Operations a n d Support Facilities. Part I. Chapter Security Considerations. Air Side Security. Appendix A. Glossary of Terms. Appendix B. The rapid growth of air transport is overtaxing the capacity of many airports and giving cause for reconsider ation o f c o n c e p t s , processing methods and facilities. Increasing passenger and cargo traffic will make further demands on airports, although aircraft movements m a y increase more slowly owing t o the introduction of larger aircraft.
This manual is intended to assist airport authorities in the complex task of preparing master p l a n s f o r t h e expansion of existing airports a n d c o n s f r u c t i o n o f n e w ones. The manual outlines the p l a n n i n g s y s t e m a n d t h e development of long-term f o r e c a s t s covering a v i a t i o n operations, economic factors and other considerations involved in master planning.
I t explains t h e n e e d f o r consultation and co-operative planning b y a l l the agencies concerned, including aircraft operators, national and l o c a l government planners, government control authorities customs, immigration, health, etc.
Guidance is given on deciding the type of airport which may be required to meet the needs of a community or region and on the selection and evaluation of airport sites. Stress is laid on the importance of making an economic appraisal when deciding on the provision of an airport and assessing its worth t o the c o m m u n i t y i n comparison with other projects.
The need for a systems approach to preparation of the master plan is demonstrated together with the method of preparing the plan, the disciplines needed and the elements to be taken into account.
The importance of balancing the respective capacities of the m a n y elements a n d o f ensuring flexibility and expansibility t o meet c h a n g i n g needs is shown, together with methods of achieving these objec tives.
Guidance is provided on assessing the capacity of individual facilities a n d on planning runway, t a x i w a y a n d. An airport master plan should be the most effective framework within which the individual facilities can o p e r a t e their separate funttions at the highest possible levels of efficiency. As explained above, it is not always possible for the best plans for individual facilities to be fitted together in a total plan for the airports without some modifications to make them compatible with each other.
This often means some l o s s of perfection in the individual p l a n s b u t g o o d planning strikes a n optimum balance so t h a t a t o t a l p l a n i s produced which is more effective in its operation, and therefore has a higher capacity and e f f i c i e n c y , t h a n would be the case if there were no reconciliation between the plans of the individual facilities.
C a r e m u s t be taken, however, to ensure that compromises d o n o t adversely affect safety. Planning Philosophy. The m o s t efficient plan for the airport a s a whole is that which p r o v i d e s t h e required c a p a c i t y for aircraft, pass enger, cargo and vehicle movements, with maximum passenger, operator and staff convenience and at lowest capital a n d operating c o s t s.
Flexibility and expansibility should be considered in conjunction and are fundamental to all aspects of plan ning. Particular features of some sites may make it n e c e s s a r y t o d e c i d e t h a t expansibility is n o t possible but that the plan should still proceed.
This is a matter for local j u d g e m e n t relative t o l o c a l conditions. However, i t is never n e c e s s a r y t o a b a n d o n the requirement for flexibility. Most airports c a n be planned with inherent flexibility, even though expansibility may not be possible. T h e Planning System. Planning of airports is complicated b y the diversity of facilities a n d services which are necessary for the move ment of aircraft, passengers and cargo and the ground vehicles associated with them, and the necessity to integrate their planning.
These facilities include runways and taxiways, aircraft aprons, buildings where aircraft. A i r p o r t Planning Manual. Additional requirements are buildings and parking areas for aircraft maintenance, roads and parks.
The operation of an airport essentially integrates the functions of many of these facilities and, therefore, t h e y should not be planned as separate units. Aircraft apron areas have to be functionally integrated w i t h the b u i l d i n g s with which they are associated. Purpose of a Master Plan. D e f i n i t i o n a n d planning considerations. A generally accepted definition states that an airport. Jt effectively. Master plans are applied to the modern ization a n d expansion of existing airports and to the c o n s t r u c t i o n o f n e w airports, regardless of their size or functional role.
I n the context of this definition the term "develop ment"is taken to mean inclusion of the entire area of the a i r p o r t - b o t h aviation and non-aviation uses.
I t i s i m p o r t a n t t o recognize that an airport master plan i s only a guide for:. Therefore, the master p l a n s h o u l d establish a schedule of priorities and phasing for the various improvements described in the master plan. G e n e r a l considerations. An airport master plan is a guide for:. A m o n g other things, an aerodrome master plan is used to:.
Economic planning:. Physical planning includes development of:. Environmental planning:. Financial planning:. S t e p s in the planning process. Prepare a master planning work programme. Inventory and document existing conditions. Determine gross facility requirements and pre liminary time-phased development of same.
Evaluate existing and potential constraints.
ICAO Doc 9184 Airport Planning Manual Part 1 Master Planning
ICAO DOC 9184 Part 1
Airport Planning Manual - Icao Part 1 Aerodrome Design Manual (Runways)