Learn more about Scribd Membership Home. Much more than documents. Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers. Start Free Trial Cancel anytime. Andhrula Charitra by N.
|Genre:||Health and Food|
|Published (Last):||22 August 2009|
|PDF File Size:||6.13 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||6.30 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Basavarajeeyam is an important handbook for an Ayurvedic physician of Andhra region. It is a bilingual work and the content was presented in Sanskrit and Telugu languages. With regard to the place and date of Basavarajeeyam there is no common opinion among the present day scholars. Pt Govardhana Sharma Changani in his introduction to the Sanskrit version of Basavarajeeyam exposed a historical profile of Basavrajeeyam picturising him as Basava who was a staunch follower of Veerashaivism and a contemporary of king Bijjala end of 12 th cent.
It appears that the historical evidence shown by these scholars is one sided and cannot stand any reason. Basavraju stated that he had started writing this work after a thorough study of many works such as Charaka, Nithyanatheeyam AD , Revenakalpam, Pujyapadiyam, Bahatam, Kashikhandam AD etc.
Basavraju has faithfully reproduced certain chapter of Vaidyachintamani, which is considered to be a work of 15 th century. Basavraju not only mentioned Phirangiroga in the index of diseases described by him at the end of the book, but also indicated Phirangichekka Madhusnuhi in the management of Meharoga and Granthi. By this evidence Basavarajiyam should be considered as the work of post Bhavaprakasha period.
The name Ekanni was given for a copper coin which came in to circulation of money during British India produced from Madras mint AD. Based on these internal evidences, it can be safely concluded that Basavraju belong to 18 th century.
Basavarajeeyam is a famous compendium as well as a treatise in Ayurveda followed in various parts of the country apart from its popularity in Andhra Pradesh. Basavarjeeyam consists of 25 chapters Prakaranas and the content was presented in Sanskrit slokas and Telugu cantons Padya.
Though Basaraju rendered Telugu translation for the Sanskrit sloka, he did not explain the meaning of Telugu poems written by him. As he did not belong to Telugu speaking area, gross mistakes were committed by the scholar in interpreting the Telugu verses into Sanskrit.
For example, in the first Telugu reference Basavaraju suggests Tambula sevana with bed bugs concealed in it for Triratrajwara. In the addendum of Changani's work it is said that Pasupatastra rasa should be given in Tambula. Apart from numerous spelling mistakes, some references have been completely avoided either due to oversight or difficulty in translation. Anyhow, the credit for popularising this work in other states definitely goes to Pandit Shri Govardhana Sharma Changani, who translated this work into Sanskrit.
As regards the place and time of Basavaraju, there are different opinions among Ayurvedists and other historians. Some place him in the present Karnataka state and having connections with the neighbouring states of Andhra Pradesh.
This conclusion is probably based upon the fact that he was a Shaivaite and probably of Lingayat cult. Pandit Changani's assertion in his introduction that Basavaraju belonged to Kannada Desha may not hold good as there is not a single mentioning of a Kannada word in the text.
One has to invariably take into account the colophon it can be concluded that Basavaraju originally belongs to the culture of Shaivism and to Nidimamidi school of Bhagi sect which flourished in the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh. About years ago during the 11 th and 13 th centuries a vigorous form of Shaivism, generally known as Virashaivism swept over the South preaching common people to attain single minded devotion towards Shiva.
However, in the course of time, the term Virashaivism came to be limited to the teaching of Basava, while those of the Pandit branched off and evolved into the distinct cult of Aradhyas. The cause of the breach in the Virashaivism was the Non-Brahmanical twist Basava gave to it and the resultant anxiety of Aradhyas to retain the Brahmanical rights like invocation of the Gayatri Mantra and wearing the Yagnopavita.
As a result, probably the Aradhya Shaivism was popular only among certain sections of the Upper class, especially Brahmins. In Andhra Pradesh, Virashaivism became interestingly limited to a few communities like the Jangamas and some sections of the Pattusalis Silk weavers and Balijaas. The origination of Aradhya cult can be traced back to Kakatiya, one of the important dynasties that ruled over Andhra Desha in the Dakshinapath between and A.
Shri Ramadeiska taught Ayurveda Shashtra to Basavaraju at this place. After completion of the training he might have extended his practice from Mehaboobnagar Nalgonda district to the border districts of Karnataka like Bellari, Anantapur, Cuddapah and Kurnool. For fixing up the period of Basavarajeeyam, two important translations done by Govardhana Sharma Changani Sanskrit, and Puvvada Surynarayana Pantulu Telugu, have been examined.
The historical aspects of works quoted by Basavaraju and a thorough analysis of the content of Telugu verses have been taken up for the analysis of the study. It is noted during the field study that almost all the Vaidyas practising in the rural areas of the Telangana districts are somewhat religiously following the therapeutic procedures and medicines mentioned in Basavarajiyam and they yearn to keep a copy of the book with them.
Basavaraju used the word Gollu a colloquial expression for Raksha Karma in Telangana. Nagasarapu Gadda described in Basavarajiyam are still in vogue only in Telangana districts mainly Warangal, Mehaboobanagar, Nalgonda, Karimnagar etc. Basing on these facts it can be concluded that Basavaraju was born, lived and practised in the Telangana region. For fixing the period of Basavaraju, one invariably goes to Basavapuranam, Virashaivism of Karnataka and find that some other Basava lived during varying periods of Karnataka kings.
In this particular case such claims are invalid because Basavaraju did not hail from those regions as thoroughly established above. In this help can be taken from the references indicated in the first chapter of the Basavarajeeyam.
The author has extensively quoted the works namely Madhavanidanam A. D , Rasaratnakaram A. D and Vaidyachintamani 15 th century and Bhavamishra A. Bhavamishra described a new disease namely Phirangaroga and prescribed a new drug namely Dwipantar vacha. Basavaraju clearly mentioned the drug Dwipantar vacha as Phirangichekka 9 th chapter and enumerated Phirangaroga in the list of diseases dealt with in the text 25 th chapter.
After a careful review regarding the periods of various works mentioned by Basavarajiya, it becomes explicit that Basavarajiyam might have been written after the 16 th century but not during 12 th as mentioned by Pandit Changani. The name Ekanni was given for a copper coin which came into circulation of money during British India. In A. Just like the other European companies, the English company also required coins to meet the exigencies of their trade.
In , when the company took up the administration of Bengal into its hand, it also thought of right of coinage. In the same century, sometime between and , coins of the denomination of one forty eight of the rupee i. These coins were meant for currency in Circar District, Madras. Besides including classical herbs mentioned by his predecessors, Basavaraju incorporated and array of local available herbs which is definitely a very significant contribution to the science of Ayurveda.
Basavrajeeyam, a complete text book of Ayurveda is widely referred and adopted by many practitioners of south India. The same statement is carried out in the works of Ayurvedic Itihasa written by Atredeva Vidyawalkan[ 6 ] and Acharya Priyavrata Sharma.
Evidence with regard to the posology of Sankhadravaka i. On the whole Basavarajeeyam is an exhaustive work on many kinds of diseases and their treatment. He explained the Agnikarma well in the light of his own experience. Undoubtedly he proved himself an eminent scholar-Physician of his times in the history of Ayurveda.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Ayu v. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Address for correspondence: Prof. E-mail: ni. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Basavarajeeyam is an important handbook for an Ayurvedic physician of Andhra region.
Keywords: Basavarajeeyam, Ekaani , Phirangiroga. Introduction Basavarajeeyam is a famous compendium as well as a treatise in Ayurveda followed in various parts of the country apart from its popularity in Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods For fixing up the period of Basavarajeeyam, two important translations done by Govardhana Sharma Changani Sanskrit, and Puvvada Surynarayana Pantulu Telugu, have been examined.
Discussion It is noted during the field study that almost all the Vaidyas practising in the rural areas of the Telangana districts are somewhat religiously following the therapeutic procedures and medicines mentioned in Basavarajiyam and they yearn to keep a copy of the book with them. Conclusion Basavrajeeyam, a complete text book of Ayurveda is widely referred and adopted by many practitioners of south India.
References 1. Pantulu Puvvada Suryanarayana. Basavaraju, Basavarajeeyam. Madras, India: Americian Diamond Press; Changani Govardhan Sharma.
Govardhan Sharma Changani. Pune, India: Mudranalaya; Hanumantha Rao B. Religion in Andhra. Andhrula Charitra Telugu. Guntur: Tripura Sundari; Nishteswar K.
Herbs in Vasavarajeeyam. Varanasi, India: Chaukhamba Surabharati Prakashan; Atridev Vidyalankar. Sharma PV. Ayurved ka Vaijnanik Ithihas.
B.A Andhra Pradesh History ( Aandhrula Charitra ) [ TELUGU MEDIUM ]
Basavarajeeyam: A historical perspective