CALLIANDRA CALOTHYRSUS PDF

We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Often cultivated as companion crop and to improve soil conditions, Red Calliandra or Calliandr calothyrsus is a fast-growing, thornless shrub that grows around m high. It is multi-stemmed and its leaves contain high levels of tannins. It is also planted as green manure. The wood is used as firewood, fuel, and for charcoal-making.

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Calliandra calothyrsus is a small leguminous tree or large shrub in the family Fabaceae. It is native to the tropics of Central America where its typical habitat is wet tropical forests or seasonally dry forests with a dry season of four to seven months, when it may become deciduous. It is not very drought-tolerant and the above-ground parts are short-lived but the roots regularly resprout. It is a multipurpose legume tree that can improve the soil by fixing nitrogen from the atmosphere.

It is easily grown from seed; growth is slow at first but speeds up after the first year. It is used for reforestation, provides soil stabilisation on sloping sites, and provides useful high quality fodder for livestock.

It can be regularly coppiced to provide firewood. Because of these features, it has been planted in other parts of the tropics, but care has to be taken that it does not become an invasive species.

Calliandra calothyrsus is a small tree or a large shrub. The flowers are subterminal inflorescences with numerous long, hair-like purple or red stamens. The genus Calliandra belongs to the family Fabaceae Leguminosae , subfamily Mimosoideae and tribe Ingae.

Calliandra is a large genus with about species, mainly from South and North America but also from Madagascar, India and Africa. Calliandra calothyrsus was described by Meissner The names Calliandra confusa and Calliandra similis can be used synonymously.

Calliandra callothyrsus is native to the humid and sub-humid areas of Central America and Mexico. There it can be fround from the western Pacific coast of Mexico to Panama. At these altitudes Calliandra calothyrsus has quite some cool tolerance for a tropical species but it is not tolerant to frost. However it is recovering in most cases after the onset of the rainy season. Calliandra calothyrsus is adapted to different types of soils.

The best growing conditions are on light textured, slightly acidic soils but it is also well adapted to acidic soils with poor soil fertility and is able to grow on infertile and compacted soils. The seed production is during the dry season from June to September. After collecting, drying and storing of the seeds they can germinate without treatment, [3] but a quicker germination is achieved by soaking the seeds in cold water for 48 hours.

At this stage they can be replanted. Another method is to produce stumps. Stumps are very useful for interplanting among other trees or for a better establishment on steep slopes. Plantation of Calliandra calothyrsus can be either done by direct seeding or by seedlings.

For direct seeding the rows should be free of weeds and the ground should be roughly cultivated. At this stage the plant has the optimal size for the use of firewood.

Only minor damages are caused by pests on Calliandra calothyrsus. Seedlings might be attacked by the teak sapling borer Sahyadrassus malabaricus. Further Pachnoda ephippiata might feed on flowers, fruits and foliage, what causes floral abortion and poor seed production. Fungal attacks can cause serious damages on Calliandra calothyrsus when the plants are cut back too low prior to rainfall or during the wet season.

Calliandra calothyrsus is a small legume tree able to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere, [3] which has a positive effect on the nitrogen content in the soil.

Calliandra calothyrsus is a fast growing tree [3] that has a potential for reforestation in the Tropics. Calliandra leaves, pods [15] and young shoots provide a high valuable protein source for animals. Calliandra calothyrsus is a valuable wood source to poor populations that still rely on firewood as energy source.

Calliandra calothyrsus might have a huge potential use in the Tropics which are the regions where problems linked to agricultural products are growing. As most of the tropical soils are losing their fertility, planting Calliandra calothyrsus is a way to improve soil fertility and stabilize the soil structure.

Agricultural systems such as intercropping with Calliandra calothyrsus are promising and are a way to deal with deforestation issues. Moreover, pest and diseases have recently started to appear in East Africa. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Calliandra calothyrsus buds and open flowers of Calliandra calothyrsus Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae.

Caesalpinioideae [1]. Mimosoid clade [1]. Calliandra Calliandra calothyrsus. Categories : Calliandra. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with 'species' microformats.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. In other projects Wikispecies. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Calliandra calothyrsus Meisn.

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Calliandra calothyrsus is a small leguminous tree or large shrub in the family Fabaceae. It is native to the tropics of Central America where its typical habitat is wet tropical forests or seasonally dry forests with a dry season of four to seven months, when it may become deciduous. It is not very drought-tolerant and the above-ground parts are short-lived but the roots regularly resprout. It is a multipurpose legume tree that can improve the soil by fixing nitrogen from the atmosphere. It is easily grown from seed; growth is slow at first but speeds up after the first year. It is used for reforestation, provides soil stabilisation on sloping sites, and provides useful high quality fodder for livestock. It can be regularly coppiced to provide firewood.

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Scientific name

Calliandra calothyrsus Meisn. Riley, Calliandra houstoniana var. Barneby, Calliandra houstoniana var. Used in agroforestry systems, it yields many products fuelwood, fodder, fibre, honey, shellac and provides services shade, erosion control, weed control, soil improvement, as an ornamental plant, etc. Orwa et al. A very versatile species, calliandra does well under a wide range of soils and is outstanding in those of low fertility Wiersum et al. Calliandra is an almost evergreen, thornless small legume tree, usually about m high, but it can reach a height of 12 m.

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Calliandra calothyrsus

Immature pods with thickened and raised margins; attenuate to the base and sharply acute at the apex. Low edible parts of plants other than separated grain that can provide feed for grazing animals, or that can be harvested for feeding. Riley; Calliandra houstoniana var. Barneby; Calliandra houstoniana var. Family: Fabaceae alt. A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny.

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