Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia. For the rescue of traditional indigenous medicine and the effective integration with Western medicine, it is important to know the unique realities of the community which you wish to work with, their cosmology, cosmovision and cosmogony to direct health actions. Methods: ethnographic study of 25 people, who were selected by theoretical sampling. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, daily field surveys and participant observation. Criteria of credibility, auditability, applicability and saturation categories were followed. There were described the main factors that led to loss the use of traditional medicine practice in the native populations, as well as the impact of miscegenation in fading away of cultural identity and of ways of approaching to health and disease.
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A review of the sociological literature is provided from 79 works referring to screening for cancer and prenatal and neonatal genetic screening were excluded. Screening involves monitoring apparently healthy populations to track a certain condition. Screening reversed the traditional conception of understanding about diseases by lowering disease definition thresholds and breaking the traditional medical distinction between the sick and the healthy.
Clinical practice began to look for diseases in asymptomatic people and thus also modified the behavior of the patients, who became responsible for the care of themselves. El primero se da cuando una persona busca los servicios de salud por otro motivo y el profesional de salud aprovecha la oportunidad para rastrear la enfermedad. En este nuevo escenario, los factores de riesgo se tornaron equivalentes a enfermedad.
Pero, al mismo tiempo, en esta rutina existen incertidumbres manifiestas y latentes. Por el contrario, las cuestiones de incertidumbre latente se asocian con las experiencias y percepciones de los profesionales encargados de ofrecer a sus pacientes los cribados Por otro lado, estudios han mostrado la contracara de este aspecto. Por su parte, Green y col.
Cancer in Central and South America: Introduction. Cancer Epidemiol. Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases Geneva: WHO; The concept of prevention: a good idea gone astray?
J Epidemiol Community Health. Conceptualizing overdiagnosis in Cancer Screening. J Natl Cancer Inst. Resisting the screening imperative: patienthood, populations and politics in prostate cancer detection technologies for the UK.
Sociol Health Illn. A molecular monopoly? Health Illn. Screening for breast cancer with mammography. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Cancer registration and information systems in Latin America. Lancet Oncol. Acta Gastroenterol Latinoamerican. Undertaking a literature review: A step-by-step approach. Br J Nurs. Nursing Research - principles, process and issues. London: Palgrave Houndsmill; In: Roth I, editor. The Open University's Introduction to Psychology. New Delhi: Elsevier; Sage Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods.
California: Sage Publications; The sociology of health promotion: Critical analyses of consumption, lifestyle and risk. London: Routledge; Screening: evidence and practice. Oxford: Oxford University; Screening: mapping medicine's temporal spaces. Singapure: Blackwell Publishing; A screening the body: the pap smear and the mammogram. Living and working with the new medical technologies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; Early detection: women, cancer, and awareness campaigns in the twentieth-century united states.
Cancer, women, and public health: the history of screening for cervical cancer. Breast Cancer Genes and the Gendering of Knowledge. England: Palgrave Macmillan; The Biopolitics of Breast Cancer.
Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press; Michigan: University of Michigan Press; Vigilar y castigar. Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva; The rise of surveillance medicine. Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London: Sage; London; New York: Routledge; Deviance and medicalization: from badness to sicknes. Philadelphia: Temple University Press; Am Sociol Rev. Medicine as an Institution of Social Control. Sociol Rev. Political Anatomy of the Body.
Public Health Spaces and the Fabrication of Identity. Medicina Preventiva. Rio de Janeiro: McGraw-Hill; Washington: OPS; The development of a scientific fact. The sociology of health promotion Critical analyses of consumption, lifestyle and risk.
The Imperative of Health. The New Public Health. The sociology of medical screening: past, present and future. New Jersey: Blackwell Publishing; Sociol Health Ill.
On the value-ladenness of technology in medicine. Med Health Care Philos [internet]. Molecular medicine and concepts of disease: the ethical value of a conceptual analysis of emerging biomedical technologies.
On Disability and Illness. A Reply to Edwards. Theoretical Med Bioethics. Action, Ability and Health. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, On health, ability and activity: Comments on some basic notions in the ICF.
Disability Rehabilitation. Defining disease beyond conceptual analysis: an analysis of conceptual analysis in philosophy of medicine. The Line-drawing Problem in Disease Definition. J Med Philos. Defining disease in the context of overdiagnosis. Med Health Care Philos. Current Dilemmas in Defining the Boundaries of Disease.
J Med Philosophy. The overdiagnosis of what? On the relationship between the concepts of overdiagnosis, disease, and diagnosis. The experience of risk as measured vulnerability: health screening and lay uses of numerical risk.
Screening for prostate cancer in the UK: Seems to be creeping in by the back door. How medical specialists appraise three controversial health innovations: scientific, clinical and social arguments. The Strategy of Preventive Medicine. Oxford: Oxford Medical Publications;
Modelos explicativos proceso salud enfermedad
Como seguidores de este modelo podemos nombrar a las sociedades primitivas, desde la edad media hasta la actualidad, teniendo como representantes a chamanes, brujos, curanderos, sacerdotes y espiritistas. La principal limitante de este modelo de vida, es el hecho de que no contempla los factores sociales que determinan la prevalencia de condiciones insalubres para las diferentes clases sociales. Introduce como variables determinantes el estilo de vida, factores del agente y factores del ambiente. Modelo Unicausal La salud-enfermedad es la respuesta a la Presencia activa de agentes externos. Sus representantes son: Berlinguer, Laurell y Breilh 70s. Las personas suelen considerar este tipo de terapias como ajenas a la medicina establecida, por eso se les llama alternativas.
Leavell Y Clark
Biomedical knowledge and health policies: Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome and Fibromyalgia. The article deals with the construction of knowledge about diseases. The general objective is to analyze the process of constructing scientific knowledge of two diseases in comparative perspective: Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome and Fibromyalgia. The work reflects on the construction of biomedical knowledge and health policies, specifically how scientific knowledge impacts on the design of policies.
Actions and strategies for the prevention and control of road traffic injuries: peruvian experience by levels of prevention. This article aims to describe the main actions that are being developed in Peru for primary and secondary prevention of road traffic injuries, considering the epidemiological aspects that characterize the Peruvian experience, as reported in other countries. At the primary prevention level, it addresses issues related to the timing restriction of the sales of alcoholic beverages, detection of drivers with positive testing for alcohol in blood and the chosen driver. Regarding secondary prevention, the studies on black spots and the impact containment barrels are presented, also a brief overview of the pre-hospital care systems in the case of road traffic injuries. There is a need for better characterization of the problem, in order to establish healthy public policies regarding traffic accidents, there is a need for evidence-based reviews and studies of economic evaluations.