A popular house plant because of its ease of culture, it is available in a variety of leaf patterns. Raphides are believed to be a defense mechanism against browsing by animals, since ingestion of the plant will cause stinging and burning to the mouth and throat with symptoms persisting for up to two weeks. This reaction can disable speech, hence its common name. Exposure to the eyes is particularly painful. Handle the plant with care when trimming or making cuttings for propagation.
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Synonymous: Dieffenbachia maculata Dieffenbachia picta Dieffenbachia amoena Dieffenbachia baraquiniana Dieffenbachia exotica Arum seguine Caladium maculatum. Distribution and habitat: Dieffenbachia seguine is a species of Dieffenbachia native to the tropical Americas —from Southern Mexico, through Central America, to northern South America and Brazil. Also, it is native to several Caribbean islands, including Puerto Rico.
The plant prefers bright to medium light and high humidity due to its normal habit of growing in tropical rain forests. It will grow in almost full sunlight once acclimated, but for best growth give it a bit of subdued light. Dieffenbachia seguine is a clustered perennial herbaceous that features ovate-oblong to oblong pointed shiny leaves.
As lower leaves fall off, the cane-like stem becomes noticeable. In its native habitat, plants will grow 1 to 3m feet in height and 0. Mature plants may produce white or cream-coloured typical arum flower heads, but these are of little interest compared with the foliage.
The flowers are followed by red berries. Cultivars and hybrids of this species expand the variegated leaf colors to include additional shades of yellow and green. Description: Dieffenbachia seguine are highly decorative foliage plants, that grows up to 1m 3 feet tall indoors. Their thick, cane-like and unbranched stems carry rather soft and fleshy leaves on sturdy, sheathed stalks.
Dieffenbachia seguine has oval leaves 25cm 10 inch long and 10cm 4 inch wide on 10cm 4 inch long stalks. The leaves generally spread outward and arch slightly downward.
They are interestingly marked in green, yellow and white. As it age, some of the lower leaves dry up and fall off or may be pulled off leaving behind a scarred stem, which gradually lengthens.
But the bare stem is likely to be at least partially hidden by the thick crown of downward arching leaves. Calla-type flowers followed by red berries rarely appear on indoor plants.
Houseplant care: Dieffenbachia species are quite easy to grow and are commonly kept as houseplants. The major problem with keeping them indoors is inadequate light and humidity. As a result, they often do not survive. Light: Provide bright filtered light in spring, summer and autumn. During the winter the brightest possible light, including direct sunlight is best. This houseplant prefers to be within 1. It likes a consistently warm indoor or outdoor environment away from cool drafts.
Water: Water Dieffenbachia seguine moderately, enough to make the entire mixture moist, but allowing the top centimetre 0. In a suitable warm position these plants will continue to grow throughout the year and will need the same watering at all times.
Remember that Dieffenbachia seguine is a tropical rain forest plant and needs moisture at its roots. The plant should be grown in fast draining very loose and well aerated soil that can be kept damp but not soggy. Fertilising: Give actively growing Dieffenbachia seguine a liquid fertiliser about every two weeks. Do not fertilise in the winter.
Potting and repotting: Use a soil based potting mixture. Move small plants into pots one size larger every spring. A 20cm 8 inch pot is likely to be the biggest needed. If larger specimen is desired, move the plants on every other year until a 25cm 10 inch or even 30cm 12 inch is reached.
Take the cutting below a node, strip off lower leaves and dip the cut end in a hormone rooting powder. Plant the cutting in a 10cm 4 inch pot containing a moistened equal-parts mixture of peat moss and coarse sand. Enclose the whole in a plastic bag or heated propagator care and keep it in warm in bright indirect light. When the potted cuttings has rooted in four to six weeks remove it from the bag or case, water it moderately and apply a liquid fertiliser every two weeks.
Move it into a 12cm 5 inch pot of standard mixture and treat it as a mature plant when it begin to fill the pot with roots. It is also possible to propagate a Dieffenbachia seguine from an cm inch long section of the main stem. Take a section containing at least one growth bud, place it horizontally on the surface of a moistened equal-parts rooting mixture of peat moss and coarse sand and treat it as a newly planted tip cutting. Problebems: With Dieffenbachia seguine problems appear usually due to incorrect treatment.
Limp stems and discoloured foliage are probably due to overwatering and or low temperatures. Treatment: Keep Dieffenbachia seguine in a proper place. Wilting , yellowing and falling leaves are likely to be the result of insufficient warmth and humidity. Treatment: Spray with a good fungicide.
Watch for spider mites , scale , aphids and mealybugs. Treatment: Use an adequate pesticide to eradicate the pests. Uses: Dieffenbachia seguine is an easy to maintain plant which add beauty and style to courtyards, patios and verandahs. Provides green life to indoors and helps to freshen the air of your home. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate shade gardens and as a potted house plant. The Dieffenbachia seguine has a dramatic growth in a greenhouse.
Toxicity: The sap of Dieffenbachia seguine is poisonous. Be sure to wash hands thoroughly after removing faded leaves or taking cuttings.
Keep small children away from these plants to avoid accidents. Growing Habit Climber Ground cover. Aquarium Aquarium Plants. Who's Online 0 Members. Sponsored by. Powered on Amazon cloud.
Caring For Dumb Cane — Dieffenbachia picta
Dieffenbachia maculata is typically grown as a houseplant. It requires medium light levels and moderate indoor temperatures. This plant can be toxic for pets and children. This plant has an exotic appeal and has wonderfully shaped leaves with brush strokes of cream, yellow and white which enhance the shape of the leaves.
Dieffenbachia seguine , also known as dumbcane ,  is a species of Dieffenbachia native to the tropical Americas —from southern Mexico, through Central America , to northern South America and Brazil. The herbaceous perennial grows 3 feet 0. Like other Dieffenbachias , the sap is toxic. It has showy white flowers. Dieffenbachia seguine is cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate shade gardens and as a potted house plant. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 17 January
Synonymous: Dieffenbachia maculata Dieffenbachia picta Dieffenbachia amoena Dieffenbachia baraquiniana Dieffenbachia exotica Arum seguine Caladium maculatum. Distribution and habitat: Dieffenbachia seguine is a species of Dieffenbachia native to the tropical Americas —from Southern Mexico, through Central America, to northern South America and Brazil. Also, it is native to several Caribbean islands, including Puerto Rico. The plant prefers bright to medium light and high humidity due to its normal habit of growing in tropical rain forests. It will grow in almost full sunlight once acclimated, but for best growth give it a bit of subdued light. Dieffenbachia seguine is a clustered perennial herbaceous that features ovate-oblong to oblong pointed shiny leaves.
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