EPHEDRA FRAGILIS PDF

Ephedra fragilis Desf. Ephedraceae , a locally cultivated medicinal plant, is a source of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine, two important alkaloids, which have long played an important pharmacological role. The present study investigated the in vitro effects of ephedrine and the Ephedra branch extract on unstimulated lymphocytes. Ephedra alkaloids were extracted from various plant parts and after phytochemical analysis, the brine shrimp lethality test was used to determine the activity of the extracts. The LC 50 of the branch extract was

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We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos.

West Wall. The fruit is about 10mm in diameter[]. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. Antiasthmatic Members of this genus contain various medicinally active alkaloids but notably ephedrine and they are widely used in preparations for the treatment of asthma and catarrh[, ].

The whole plant can be used at much lower concentrations than the isolated constituents - unlike using the isolated ephedrine, using the whole plant rarely gives rise to side-effects[]. The plant also has antiviral effects, particularly against influenza[]. The stems are a pungent, bitter, warm herb that dilates the bronchial vessels whilst stimulating the heart and central nervous system[, ].

The stems are also diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, hypertensive, nervine, pectoral, tonic, vasoconstrictor and vasodilator[, , ]. They are used internally in the treatment of asthma, hay fever and allergic complaints[]. They are also combined with a number of other herbs and used in treating a wide range of complaints[].

This herb should be used with great caution, preferably under the supervision of a qualified practitioner[]. It should not be prescribed to patients who are taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors, or suffering from high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism or glaucoma[].

Ephedrine is seen as a performance-boosting herb and, as such, is a forbidden substance in many sporting events such as athletics[K]. The stems can be harvested at any time of the year and are dried for later use[].

Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Requires a well-drained loamy soil and a sunny position[11]. Established plants are drought resistant and are also lime tolerant[].

Plants are not very hardy in Britain, tolerating a few degrees of frost[]. The report on medicinal uses refers specifically to E. This plant is growing outdoors at Kew, probably planted in , and seems to be perfectly hardy[K]. It is said to come from N. Asia which is rather confusing since the report on medicinal uses is dealing with native plants of Greece[K].

Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Celsius Fahrenheit:. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a greenhouse[].

It can also be sown in spring in a greenhouse in a sandy compost[K]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on for at least their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out in the spring or early summer after the last expected frosts and give some protection in their first winter[K]. Division in spring or autumn[]. Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Author Desf. For a list of references used on this page please go here.

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If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Follow Us:. Ephedra fragilis - Desf. Range Europe - E. Translate this page:. Ephedra fragilis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1. It is hardy to zone UK 8. It is in leaf all year.

The species is dioecious individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable for: light sandy and medium loamy soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic alkaline soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available.

Read More. None known Special Uses. Shop Now. QR Code What's this? Charity No. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License.

Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can. Please view the copyright link for more information. None known. Rocky hills and stone walls[]. Europe - E. Ephedra americana andina. Add a comment. Subject : Ephedra fragilis.

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We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. West Wall. The fruit is about 10mm in diameter[]. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

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Ephedra fragilis , commonly named the joint pine , is a species of Ephedra that is native to eastern Mediterranean region of southern Europe and Northern Africa , and from Madeira and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic. Its habitats are rocky hills and stone walls, where it grows to 6 feet 1. Ephedra sect. Ephedra , "tribe" Scandentes by Otto Stapf in

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Ephedra , genus of 65 species of gymnosperm shrubs of the family Ephedraceae. Ephedra is an evolutionally isolated group and is the only genus in the order Ephedrales division Gnetophyta. Species are distributed in dry regions in both the Eastern and Western hemispheres. Members of the genus Ephedra are low, straggling, or climbing desert shrubs. The leaves , reduced to scales about one centimetre long, are opposite or whorled about the nodes of green branchlets. The bulk of photosynthesis occurs in the green stems.

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