LANGENSCHEIDT BASIC GERMAN VOCABULARY DAF PDF

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Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less Charlotte Ferguson People used to laugh at me behind my back before I was in shape or successful. Once I lost a lot of weight, I was so excited that I opened my own gym, and began helping others. I began to get quite a large following of students, and finally, I didn't catch someone laughing at me behind my back any longer.

If you have a few spare minutes per day, we have some very exciting news for you! Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. AbbreviationsAE amerikan. Englisch American EnglishAkk. Akkusativ accusativeAdj. Adjektiv adjectiveAdv. Adverb adverbBE brit. Englisch British Englishdem. Genitiv genitiveindekl. Komparation comparitionKonj. Konjunktion conjunctionMod. Modalverb modal verbm maskulin masculinen german column neutrum neutern engl.

Person personPI. Plural pluralPron. Pronomen pronounPrap. Praposition prepositionsg. Singular singularV Verb verbVh. Translation: Carol L. No part of this material may be reproduced in any formwithout the permission of the publishers.

Printed in Germany. ISBN 5. VI 15 Quantity and Measure Any student learning a foreign language must master a certain vocabularybase before he or she can communicate or read in that language. Acquisition of that base vocabulary requires study, often outside of theclassroom setting. It is meant for use by beginning learners with noprevious knowledgeof the German language, by more advanced studentsas a review and for test preparation, and by anyone as preparation forpleasure or business travel into a German-speaking country.

The German Language, like any other language, is comprised of millionsof words, yet 50 YO of normal spoken and written texts are comprised ofonly 66 words. Students rightfully ask, which words do I have to learn inorder to carry on an everyday conversation or read a text written for theaverage German speaker?

The magic answer is usually 2, words, i. The core 2, words are followed by a second group of the 2,next most frequently used words which comprise afurther 5 YO YOof allwritten and oral communication. Once they have mastered the first 2, words,students have the option of increasing their vocabulary over a widesubject range, or concentrating on specific areas of interest, such as law,economics, etc.

The use of the target language to teach the language is the norm in mostprograms today. Usually a new word is explained in simple German andillustrated with practical examples.

The practical teaching situation, however, requires flexibility in using thenative language, especially when difficult concepts need to be clarified. Vlll Therefore, many monolingual textbooks have bilingual vocabulary lists or glossaries. The Basic Vocabulary is only meant to serve as a supplement for study and learning. Why these words? The Basic Vocabulary is based on evaluation of numerous lists of basic German vocabulary published in Germany, Aus- tria, Switzerland and other countries.

All the important sources of informa- tion on word frequency in written and spoken German were considered. An exact source list would go beyond the purpose of this introduction. The choice of words was not based only on frequency. Factors such as how familiar and useful a word is in everyday conversation were also considered. The critical choice of example sentences was made by native speakers on an outside of our regular staff. Educational research indicates that trying to learn words alphabetically is not effective.

Similari- ties in orthography lead to confusion and spelling errors. Most impor- tantly, words are very difficult to learn without context and topic. Alphabe- tical arrangement can become an obstacle to correct use in a specific thematic situation. Learning basic words in subject areas is easier and more effective. The contextual relationships among words and the physi- cal proximity of words on the page encourage the development of associations in memory.

For all these reasons, we emphasize learning in subject areas. IX In addition to the thematic presentation, all entries are presented contex-tually, i. The presentation of the basic word in sentences is importantbecause the learner sees the word used correctly. The danger of using theword later in the wrong context will disappear. Example sentences oftencan be used word-for-word because they are taken from common every-day speech an represent frequently used idiomatic expressions.

In the Workbook to the Basic Vocabulary there are further examples ofusage. In each of the sample sentences, care has been taken so that thevocabulary used, as far as possible, does not include any words beyondthose found in the basic vocabulary. It is left up to thelearner whether to study only with the Basic Vocabulary or to do furtherexercicesfor vocabulary building. For a quick and certain expansion of thevocabulary, we recommend the use of the workbook as well as the text. Systematic work with the two volumes creates a certain confidence invocabulary building which helps the acquisition of new words.

Although gender information and irregularverb forms are given next to thebasic word, the text and Workbook are not meant to replace, but rathersupplement, the use of a dictionary and grammar book. In some cases a word has various meanings which are clarified in thesample sentences. For example:FuOball rfu:sbal] m, - e s, kein PI. Footballs are made of leather. For example, there are seldom-used forms ofverbs that learners will not find here because they are not necessary foracquiring a basic knowledge of the language.

There are also very fewtechnical words included; only the common meanings of words are given. Frequency of use and usefulness of the word determined inclusion intothe Basic Vocabulary. Likewise, the Basic Vocabulary includes only a handful of the manycompound words so common in German. But a solid knowledge of basicvocabulary should enable a learner to understand and build a widervocabulary of compound words. Here are nine suggestions for working with the material

IEC 60909-4 PDF

Langenscheidt online dictionaries

Langenscheidt's Basic German Vocabulary presents the most frequently used words in an easily accessible format:. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Read more Read less.

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Abbreviations AE Akk. BE dem. Englisch Akkusativ Adjektiv Adverb brit. Englisch demonst rat iv feminin Genitiv indeklinabel Komparation Konjunktion Modalverb maskulin neutrum Nomen Person PlUral Pronomen Prpos ition Singular Verb int ransiti ves Verb reflexives Verb trans itives Verb reziprok American English accusative adjective adverb British English demonstrative feminin genitive indeclinable comparition conj unction modal verb masculine neuter noun person plural pronoun preposition singular verb intransitive verb reflexi ve Verb transitive verb reciprocal Pronunciation see p. No part of this material may be reproduced in any form without the permission of the publ ishers.

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